Chlamydia is referred to as sexually transmitted diseases. Recently, this disease has become one of the most common diseases in the world.
A certain role in this is played by the fact that in most cases, chlamydia in women for a long time proceeds without symptoms, so the girls do not even know about their condition.
Why does chlamydia occur in women, and what is it? The causative agent of chlamydia is the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis).
You can become infected with chlamydia during unprotected sex (without using a condom). Chlamydia is transmitted through oral, vaginal and anal sex. Pregnant women can transmit chlamydia to the baby during childbirth.
Affecting primarily the urogenital system, chlamydial infection in some cases can pass to other organs, including the eyes and respiratory tract. Often chlamydia causes pregnancy and infertility to breakdown.
The incubation period for chlamydia in women is on average from 2 weeks to a month. In this case, the development cycle of chlamydia itself is about 3 days. The main danger of this infection lies in the fact that in 50% of cases it does not manifest pronounced symptoms.
Symptoms of chlamydia in women
In more than 50-70% of cases, chlamydia in women proceeds without visible symptoms, and in this case it becomes difficult to diagnose the disease in time and prevent it from spreading to the sexual partner. In addition, asymptomatic disease increases the risk of complications, as chlamydia develops in the body for a long time.
In other cases, the following signs may indicate a chlamydial infection:
- the appearance of light yellow or white discharge with an unpleasant odor;
- pain in the lower abdomen and lumbar region may occur when the process spreads to the overlying organs of the reproductive system;
- burning sensation, itching in the vagina;
- frequent urination, accompanied by a burning sensation at the beginning or end of the process, may
- point to the accession of urethritis;
- increase in body temperature to subfebrile values (37-37.5 C).
Chlamydia, like other sexually transmitted infections, does not have specific manifestations, therefore, a gynecologist examination is necessary to identify the true cause of the disease.
In time not detected and not cured chlamydia can cause the following consequences:
- ectopic pregnancy;
- missed abortion;
- inflammation of the pelvic organs (chronic endometritis, salpingitis, etc.);
- cervical cancer;
- inflammation of the joints.
Chlamydia during pregnancy can lead to miscarriage, premature delivery and pneumonia in the newborn.
The main methods of laboratory diagnosis of chlamydial infection include:
- molecular biological methods (nucleic acid amplification methods or PCR diagnostics);
- culture study;
- direct immunofluorescence method.
For research on chlamydia are the discharge from the cervical canal women.
Chlamydia treatment in women
With diagnosed chlamydia in women, the treatment regimen provides for the use of special drugs that are effective against the pathogen.
Therapy for acute uncomplicated chlamydia includes taking one of the following drugs:
- Azithromycin. These are: Azivok, Azitral, Azitrox, Zitrolid.
- Doxycycline These are: Apo-Doxy, Vibramycin, Doksal, Doxycycline hydrochloride, Doxycycline Nycomed,
- For fungal infections, Nystatin, Pimafucin, Fluconazole, etc. are used.
It is also quite advisable the appointment of combination therapy to get rid of chlamydia:
- Purpose of broad-spectrum antibiotics (azithromycin, penicillin, tetracycline).
- Compliance with the diet with the mandatory rejection of the admission of alcohol and smoking.
- Immunostimulants designed to correct the body's defenses (intramuscular or intravenous administration of cycloferon), since infections and antibiotics reduce immunity.
- A course of laser blood irradiation is prescribed as an additional measure. It helps to increase the level of effectiveness of antibacterial drugs and has a positive effect on the female immune system.
- Temporary rejection of sexual relations with a partner.
- Complex vitamins (komplivit, alphabet, etc.).
Taking into account the fact that chlamydia in women often proceeds without visible manifestations, it is necessary to periodically check for the presence of this infection, especially when changing partners and planning pregnancy.
Given the complexity of diagnosis, treatment and severe consequences of chlamydia, the risk of infection is better reduced to zero, and for this it is necessary to observe preventive measures:
- Permanent partner, in the state of health of which you are confident;
- Systematic visits to the gynecologist for a routine examination;
- Compliance with the rules of personal hygiene (careful treatment of the bath, the presence of personal towels, washcloths, etc., with each family member).
- Exclusion of casual sexual intercourse (condom is not 100% protection against sexually transmitted diseases).
Early diagnosis and timely treatment can prevent the development of gynecological diseases and other complications of chlamydial infection.